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Khndzoresk is a village and rural community (municipality) in the South-East of Armenia, in the province (marz) of Syunik. The village is located to the right of Goris - Stepanavan highway, on the steep slopes of Khor Dzor (Deep Gorge), from which, according to tradition, it got its name. Crossing the bridge at the entrance of the village, the road continues towards the towns of Lachin and Stepanakert. New Khndzoresk (the current inhabited area) was built in the 1950s. The village is located at 1580m above sea level and occupies 6772,8ha. The National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia reported its population as 2,260 in 2010, up from 1,992 at the 2001 census. Old Khndzoresk expended on both slopes of the mountain. These slopes had no flat areas necessary for construction of houses. And because of this, people used natural and man made caves on these slope as dwellings. Many of these dwellings were 20-30 m high from the ground, arranged one over the other so that the ceiling for one house was the floor for the other. These cave dwellings are many centuries old and the cave city itself seems to be more then 1000 years old. There were 4 churches in Old Khndzoresk: St. Hripsime, St. Tadeos, Church of Anapat (Desert) and Old Church. In lover Khndzoresk, in the old graveyard, under a basalt plate with annotations, is buried Mkhitar Sparapet, (Mkhitar the troops leader), the hero of Armenian nation from the first quarter of XVIII century, who fought against Persian and Turkish invaders. Old Khndzoresk is a historical monument and is under government's protection.


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